Indian Independence Day 2021– Every year on August 15th, Indians all over the world celebrate its Independence Day – the day that commemorates the end of 190 years of British rule in India. On this day in 1947, India was declared a free country after years of struggle by our great freedom fighters.
For any country, its Independence Day is always memorable – the day to rejoice in the glory of what their country has been able to achieve but also a day to remember the contributions, battles and sacrifices of all the people who helped achieve it. Indians celebrate this day taking the opportunity to remember our heroes while also paying due recognition to all the people who helped us move forward from 1947 to the present day and become one of the most powerful countries in the world – politically, militarily and economically. India will celebrate 74 years of independence in 2021.
What is the history behind Indian Independence day?
1. East India Company
In 1757, British rule in India began, following by the East India Company’s victory at the Battle of Plassey, which gave them control of the country. The East India Company ruled India for nearly a century before the British crown replaced it with the Indian Mutiny of 1857-58.
On February 20, 1947, British Prime Minister Clement Atlee announced that British authority in India would end on June 30, 1948, and that the powers would be handed to responsible Indian hands. Following this statement, the Muslim League demanded for the country to be partitioned. The British government then declared on June 3, 1947, that any Constitution drafted by the Indian Constituent Assembly in 1946 would not apply to those regions of the country that refused to adopt it. As a result, on the same day, 3 June 1947, Lord Mountbatten, the Viceroy of India, presented the Mountbatten Plan, a partition plan.
The plan was approved by the Congress and the Muslim League. The plan implementing the Indian Independence Act 1947 was given immediate effect.The British control ended on the 14th and 15th of August, 1947, at midnight, and power was handed to the two new independent Dominions of India and Pakistan.
When did India gain Independence?
India gained independence on 15th August 1947 at midnight.
What was the first Indian Independence day speech?
Our first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, delivered a speech on the woke of Independence day that began, “At the stroke of midnight, when the world sleeps, India shall awake to life and freedom.”
What are the facts on Indian Independence day?
The Indian National Anthem was adopted in 1950
The Indian flag was raised for the first time in 1906
Lord Mountbatten declared August 15th to be Indian Independence Day
Our national anthem, Vande Mataram, was inspired by a novel
On the 17th of August 1947, the Radcliffe Line was first published
The national anthem of India was written by Rabindranath Tagore
The Indian tri-color flag is based on the Swaraj Flag
How is Indian Independence day celebrated?
Every year, we commemorate Independence Day by singing the national anthem , flag-raising ceremonies are held across the country, drills are conducted.
People make an effort to dress in national or regional attire to honor their country and culture.
Kite flying is also a tradition on Independence Day, with people of all ages flying kites to symbolize the independence we gained on that day.
The prime minister take part in a flag-raising ceremony and a parade with the personnel of the military forces and police at the Red Fort in Old Delhi.
The prime minister then gives an address to the country, highlighting the government's achievements during the previous year and outlining some of the government's future ambitions.
How will Indian Independence day 2021 be celebrated?
As India will celebrate its 75th year of independence this year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated on Monday that the country will honor the spirit of the freedom struggle on Independence Day.
The Prime Minister informed that to mark the 75th anniversary of India's independence on Monday, the festival should be one such event, in which the spirit of the freedom movement, honor to the martyrs, and their vow to develop India can be experienced.
What are the places to observe the Indian Independence Day celebration?
Who were some of the popular freedom fighters of India? India achieved its independence because of many brave hearts. Listed below are some of the popular Indian independence fighters, in no specific order.
1. Mahatma Gandhi Mahatma Gandhi is the greatest and famous Indian personality and for his contributions in Indian independence struggle, he earned the title of “Father of the nation”. Some of Gandhi’s famous movements are: Civil Disobedience Movement, Hind Swaraj, Dandi March, Swadeshi Movement, Satyagraha, etc.
2. Bhagat Singh Bhagat Singh was a hero of the early Indian independence movement. He was a vocal critic of British rule in India and was involved in two high-profile attacks on British authorities. He coined the term “Inquilab Zindabad”.
3. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose is a true patriotic personality who fought for his motherland during the time of Independence. He supported Mahatma Gandhi and was inspired by him but did not support the philosophy of “Non-Violence”. He formed Azad Hind Fauj and introduced the famous slogan “Tum Mujhe Khoon Do, main Tumhe Aazadi Dunga”.
4. Lala Lajpat Rai Lala Lajpat Rai started several reforms and spoke against issues like the caste system, position of women, untouchability, and more. Lajpat Rai led a non-violent, peaceful march in protest against the Commission set up by the British government. In the protest, he was badly injured. Despite being extremely injured, Rai addressed the crowd and said, “I declare that the blows struck at me today will be the last nail in the coffin of British rule in India”.
5. Khudiram Bose Khudiram Bose was one of India’s youngest revolutionaries. Khudiram was just 16 years old when he carried out some revolutionary activities during the Partition of Bengal in 1905.
6. Chandra Sekhar Azad
Khudiram Bose was one of India’s youngest revolutionaries. Khudiram was just 16 years old when he carried out some revolutionary activities during the Partition of Bengal in 1905.
7. Bal Gangadhar Tilak Tilak is one of the main Indian independence activists and social reformers. Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak was the first leader of the Indian Independence Movement. Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Vipin Chandra Pal were the three most popular people of that time and the trio was known as Lal Bal Pal. In 1890 Tilak joined Indian National Congress and took forward the Indian Independence movement along with the other leaders. Listen to the life history of these patriots whose sacrifices helped us celebrate Indian Independence day today.
Other Countries Celebrating their Independence Day on 15th August
Republic of Congo
Some FAQ's regarding India and its Independence Day
1. Is it 73th Independence Day of India?
No, India will celebrate its 75th Independence in 2021.
The Independence Day is celebrated on August 15 every year to commemorate India’s freedom from the British rule in 1947.
India got its freedom from the British Raj in 1947.
4. Who gave India independence?
On June 15, 1947, the British House of Commons passed the Indian Independence Act, or Mountbatten Plan, which divided India into two dominions, India and Pakistan.
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.
India is home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world. It is recognized that the area now known as India was inhabited approximately 250,000 years ago.